Understanding the true burden of dry eye disease

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The term dry eye (DE) has evolved over the past two decades to include both symptoms (visual complaints and dysesthesias) and signs (aqueous and evaporative deficiency) of disease. DE is common in older individuals and is a source of morbidity. Confusion arises, however, on what combination of symptoms and signs constitute DE and how to best individualize treatment in patients. This editorial will discuss the evolution of DE, discuss potential sub-categorizations for the disease, and discuss their potential implications on treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-405
Number of pages3
JournalExpert Review of Ophthalmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 3 2015


  • dry eye
  • neuropathic ocular pain
  • tear evaporation
  • tear production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry


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