Understanding the pro- and anti-inflammatory properties of IL-27

Alejandro V. Villarino, Elaine Huang, Christopher A. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

196 Scopus citations

Abstract

The recent identification of IL-27 (IL-27p28/EBV-induced gene 3) and IL-27R (WSX-1/gp130) has provided new insights for the biology of IL-6/IL-12 family Cytokines. Initial studies indicated that IL-27 can directly regulate T cell functions and suggested an important role for it in promoting Th1 type responses. However, subsequent studies have revealed that IL-27R signaling influences a variety of immune cell types and can inhibit either Th1 or Th2 type responses. Though elucidation of the Jak/STAT signaling pathways activated by IL-27R ligation has unveiled some of the molecular mechanisms used by IL-27 to promote inflammation, little is known about the antiinflammatory activities of this cytokine. Thus, the aim of this review is to discuss the pleotropic nature of the IL-27/IL-27R interaction and attempt to reconcile the pro- and antiinflammatory properties of this immunomodulator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-720
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume173
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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