Understanding internal wave-wave interaction patterns observed in satellite images of the mid-atlantic bight

Jingshuang Xue, Hans C Graber, Roland Romeiser, Bjorn Lund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many internal wave-wave interaction patterns have been observed in satellite images. However, very few studies have been made on understanding these patterns. Internal wave interactions may result in exceptionally large amplitudes in the interaction zone, which, in turn, pose threats to underwater structures. In this paper, we analyze the characteristics of interaction patterns observed in satellite images of the Mid-Atlantic Bight, such as internal wave phase shifts and amplitude changes. Based on these characteristics, we categorize the patterns into four different types: Mach interaction; regular interaction with prominent positive phase shifts and an amplitude decrease in the interaction zone; regular interaction with prominent negative phase shifts and an amplitude increase in the interaction zone; and wave interactions without phase shifts. We provide a detailed analysis of one observed interaction pattern within each category and compare our findings with existing analytical and numerical models for a two-soliton interaction. One important result from this study of interaction patterns is that the patterns alone can be used to deduce how the amplitude changes in the potentially hazardous interaction zone. This paper thus proves that high-resolution satellite images can provide a useful and efficient means of studying internal wave interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6725626
Pages (from-to)3211-3219
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

wave-wave interaction
internal wave
Satellites
Phase shift
Underwater structures
Solitons
Mach number
satellite image
Numerical models
Analytical models

Keywords

  • Amplitude changes
  • internal wave-wave interaction
  • Mid-Atlantic Bight (MAB)
  • phase shifts
  • Satellite images

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Understanding internal wave-wave interaction patterns observed in satellite images of the mid-atlantic bight. / Xue, Jingshuang; Graber, Hans C; Romeiser, Roland; Lund, Bjorn.

In: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 52, No. 6, 6725626, 2014, p. 3211-3219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ca7c17c46d8c400e9661da3c8dca7f7e,
title = "Understanding internal wave-wave interaction patterns observed in satellite images of the mid-atlantic bight",
abstract = "Many internal wave-wave interaction patterns have been observed in satellite images. However, very few studies have been made on understanding these patterns. Internal wave interactions may result in exceptionally large amplitudes in the interaction zone, which, in turn, pose threats to underwater structures. In this paper, we analyze the characteristics of interaction patterns observed in satellite images of the Mid-Atlantic Bight, such as internal wave phase shifts and amplitude changes. Based on these characteristics, we categorize the patterns into four different types: Mach interaction; regular interaction with prominent positive phase shifts and an amplitude decrease in the interaction zone; regular interaction with prominent negative phase shifts and an amplitude increase in the interaction zone; and wave interactions without phase shifts. We provide a detailed analysis of one observed interaction pattern within each category and compare our findings with existing analytical and numerical models for a two-soliton interaction. One important result from this study of interaction patterns is that the patterns alone can be used to deduce how the amplitude changes in the potentially hazardous interaction zone. This paper thus proves that high-resolution satellite images can provide a useful and efficient means of studying internal wave interaction.",
keywords = "Amplitude changes, internal wave-wave interaction, Mid-Atlantic Bight (MAB), phase shifts, Satellite images",
author = "Jingshuang Xue and Graber, {Hans C} and Roland Romeiser and Bjorn Lund",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1109/TGRS.2013.2271777",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "52",
pages = "3211--3219",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing",
issn = "0196-2892",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding internal wave-wave interaction patterns observed in satellite images of the mid-atlantic bight

AU - Xue, Jingshuang

AU - Graber, Hans C

AU - Romeiser, Roland

AU - Lund, Bjorn

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Many internal wave-wave interaction patterns have been observed in satellite images. However, very few studies have been made on understanding these patterns. Internal wave interactions may result in exceptionally large amplitudes in the interaction zone, which, in turn, pose threats to underwater structures. In this paper, we analyze the characteristics of interaction patterns observed in satellite images of the Mid-Atlantic Bight, such as internal wave phase shifts and amplitude changes. Based on these characteristics, we categorize the patterns into four different types: Mach interaction; regular interaction with prominent positive phase shifts and an amplitude decrease in the interaction zone; regular interaction with prominent negative phase shifts and an amplitude increase in the interaction zone; and wave interactions without phase shifts. We provide a detailed analysis of one observed interaction pattern within each category and compare our findings with existing analytical and numerical models for a two-soliton interaction. One important result from this study of interaction patterns is that the patterns alone can be used to deduce how the amplitude changes in the potentially hazardous interaction zone. This paper thus proves that high-resolution satellite images can provide a useful and efficient means of studying internal wave interaction.

AB - Many internal wave-wave interaction patterns have been observed in satellite images. However, very few studies have been made on understanding these patterns. Internal wave interactions may result in exceptionally large amplitudes in the interaction zone, which, in turn, pose threats to underwater structures. In this paper, we analyze the characteristics of interaction patterns observed in satellite images of the Mid-Atlantic Bight, such as internal wave phase shifts and amplitude changes. Based on these characteristics, we categorize the patterns into four different types: Mach interaction; regular interaction with prominent positive phase shifts and an amplitude decrease in the interaction zone; regular interaction with prominent negative phase shifts and an amplitude increase in the interaction zone; and wave interactions without phase shifts. We provide a detailed analysis of one observed interaction pattern within each category and compare our findings with existing analytical and numerical models for a two-soliton interaction. One important result from this study of interaction patterns is that the patterns alone can be used to deduce how the amplitude changes in the potentially hazardous interaction zone. This paper thus proves that high-resolution satellite images can provide a useful and efficient means of studying internal wave interaction.

KW - Amplitude changes

KW - internal wave-wave interaction

KW - Mid-Atlantic Bight (MAB)

KW - phase shifts

KW - Satellite images

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896375413&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84896375413&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TGRS.2013.2271777

DO - 10.1109/TGRS.2013.2271777

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 3211

EP - 3219

JO - IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

JF - IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

SN - 0196-2892

IS - 6

M1 - 6725626

ER -