Understanding gender differences in adolescent drug abuse: Issues of comorbidity and family functioning

Gayle A. Dakof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Female adolescent drug use has increased dramatically in the last 30 years, and there is a growing consensus that the syndrome of female adolescent substance abuse is different from the well-recognized male pattern. Gender differences in patterns of comorbidity and family functioning were investigated in a sample of 95 youths (42 girls and 53 boys) referred for substance abuse treatment. The findings indicate that male and female adolescent substance users differ in several clinically meaningful ways. The results from a discriminant function analysis indicate that substance-using adolescents referred to treatment are distinguished especially by the greater degree to which girls have internalizing symptoms and family dysfunction. The clinical implications of these gender differences are articulated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of psychoactive drugs
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Comorbidity
  • Drug abuse
  • Family
  • Gender differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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