Underrepresentation of Hispanics and Other Minorities in Clinical Trials: Recruiters’ Perspectives

Aurora Occa, Susan E. Morgan, Jo Nell E. Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Clinical trials and research studies often fail to recruit participants from the minorities, hampering the generalizability of results. In order to mitigate this problem, the present study investigated how race/ethnicity affects the process of recruiting people from racial and ethnic minority groups, by conducting 11 focus groups with professional recruiters. Several themes emerged, such as how to adapt to potential participants’ language competency and literacy levels, the importance to engage in culturally appropriate verbal and non-verbal communication, and to establish a sense of homophily between recruiters and patients. In addition, recruiters pointed out possible solutions to accommodate socioeconomic concerns, to adapt to contextual factors—including immigration status—and ultimately to respond to potential participants’ mistrust of medical research. These findings are discussed, and future recommendations are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-332
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • Accrual
  • Clinical trial communication
  • Minority participants
  • Recruiters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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