Unconscious imagination and the mental imagery debate

Berit Brogaard, Dimitria Electra Gatzia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traditionally, philosophers have appealed to the phenomenological similarity between visual experience and visual imagery to support the hypothesis that there is significant overlap between the perceptual and imaginative domains. The current evidence, however, is inconclusive: while evidence from transcranial brain stimulation seems to support this conclusion, neurophysiological evidence from brain lesion studies (e.g., from patients with brain lesions resulting in a loss of mental imagery but not a corresponding loss of perception and vice versa) indicates that there are functional and anatomical dissociations between mental imagery and perception. Assuming that the mental imagery and perception do not overlap, at least, to the extent traditionally assumed, then the question arises as to what exactly mental imagery is and whether it parallels perception by proceeding via several functionally distinct mechanisms. In this review, we argue that even though there may not be a shared mechanism underlying vision for perception and conscious imagery, there is an overlap between the mechanisms underlying vision for action and unconscious visual imagery. On the basis of these findings, we propose a modification of Kosslyn's model of imagery that accommodates unconscious imagination and explore possible explanations of the quasi-pictorial phenomenology of conscious visual imagery in light of the fact that its underlying neural substrates and mechanisms typically are distinct from those of visual experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number799
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume8
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - May 23 2017

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Keywords

  • Double dissociation
  • Imagery debate
  • Impoverished phenomenology
  • Type 2 blindsight
  • Unconscious imagination
  • Vision for action
  • Visual imagery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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