Despite widespread use of endoscopy and improved surgical treatment, the prognosis for gastric cancer remains poor. Although the incidence has been declining for more than 2 decades, unfavourable changes in relative frequency of histological subtypes and subsites may have occurred. We therefore assessed the nature and impact of these changes in association with socio- economic status in a population-based study during the period 1983-1995. Furthermore, tumour characteristics were analysed as predictors of survival for 1,543 cases recorded in the Eindhoven Cancer Registry during the period 1983-1992. Overall 5-year relative survival remained at 22%, being 70%, 37% and 11% for stage I, II and III, respectively. The Lauren histological type and location were also found to have prognostic value. Tumours with the worst prognosis (diffuse type and located at the cardia)developed predominantly in younger patients and were increasing. Moreover, unlike for other tumours, high educational status was associated with unfavourable prognosis. Stage at diagnosis and survival have remained unchanged, despite likely improvements in early detection through better access to endoscopy and better supportive care after surgical treatment. The unfavourable, in part relative, changes in incidence are likely to be responsible for the lack of improvement of survival rates.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - Feb 8 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research