An uncemented titanium alloy stem with a corundum blast finish and an uncemented titanium fibermetal mesh socket were implanted in a series of 57 hips. These prostheses were selected for use in the youngest, most active, and/or heaviest candidates for total hip arthroplasty. Fifty hips were available for study at a minimum 60 months. At a mean 6 years, 92% of the hips were rated good or excellent. The mean Harris hip score was 92. One patient experienced mild thigh pain. The corundum blast finish was associated with reliable implant stability. Survival analysis predicted a 96% rate of implant survival at 92 months. Loss of bone density was rated mild, minimal, or none in 88% of the hips. Three hips developed severe bone loss due to systemic disease. Polyethylene wear was measurable in 86% of the hips. Twenty hips developed focal proximal femoral bone erosions. One hip had endosteal cavitation distal to zone 7. The presence of proximal femoral erosions or endosteal cavitation correlated positively with the presence of measurable polyethylene wear. The limited and proximal distribution of femoral bone erosion despite evidence of extensive polyethylene wear suggested that bone apposition to the corundum blast finish resulted in a barrier to migration of wear debris.
- corundum finish
- uncemented hip arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine