We performed electron microscopic studies on seven specimens removed from the posterior retina at the time of vitrectomy for vitreomacular traction syndrome. Fibrous astrocytes were the predominant cell type in all cases. Fibrocytes were present in two cases and myofibrocytes were seen in three cases. Additional cellular and extracellular features included fragments of internal limiting membrane in six cases, old collagen in all cases, new collagen in one case, occasional macrophages in four cases, and fibrous astrocytes with myofibroblastic differentiation in one case.
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