Ultrasound assessment and surgical treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome

Rubén A. Quintero, Eftichia V. Kontopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The ultrasound diagnosis, management and treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) have had a remarkable number of positive developments in the last 20 years. Together, they have resulted in TTTS being the most common condition seen and treated in fetal therapy centers today. This chapter discusses the basic ultrasound assessment of TTTS patients in a step-by-step fashion, to provide a structure to the sonographic examination. This includes review of the diagnostic criteria, the sonographic assessment of disease severity and preoperative ultrasound assessment. The chapter also reviews the rationale for, as well as the fundamental laser technique and its variations, including the nonselective technique, selective laser photocoagulation of communicating vessels (SLPCV), sequential selective laser photocoagulation of the communicating vessels (SQLPCV) and the 'Solomon' technique, and provides potential explanations for the outcome differences of each technique. Future developments in terms of surgical technique and long-term outcome studies are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-425
Number of pages11
JournalDonald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2013


  • Fetal therapy
  • Laser surgery
  • Twin-twin transfusion syndrome
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Ultrasound assessment and surgical treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this