Type A behavior pattern, sex role orientation, and psychological adjustment

Eileen DeGregorio, Charles S. Carver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Investigated whether Type A coronary-prone behavior patterns interfere with successful interpersonal functioning among persons who lack a highly masculine sex-role orientation. 105 male and 108 female undergraduates were administered a battery of tests including the Jenkins Activity Survey, the Beck Depression Scale, the Social Anxiety subscale of the Self-Consciousness Scale, the Janis-Field Feelings of Inadequacy Scale, the Self-Description Inventory, and the Bem Sex-Role Inventory. Results support the hypothesis in that the combination of a Type A behavioral style and a sex-role orientation low in masculinity were associated with low social self-esteem, high social anxiety, and depression. Further, maladjustment was more pronounced among females than males due to cultural expectations that females are more socially adept than males. (43 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-293
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1980
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • anxiety &
  • depression, college students
  • low masculinity sex role orientation, social self esteem &
  • sex &
  • Type A behavior &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

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