Type A behavior in preschool children.

N. Vega-Lahr, Tiffany M Field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Type A behaviors were observed in a group of 48 preschool children in different free-play and competitive situations. Interrater reliability was assessed on the Matthews Youth Test for Health (MYTH), and the children's and their parents' type A scores were compared. Scores on the MYTH were used to classify children as either type A or type B. Comparisons were made between type A and type B children's play in classroom and in laboratory situations. For the laboratory situations, 24 same-sex type A-type B dyads were formed, and the dyads were observed in free play, followed by car racing, by a tower-building contest, and by an interview. Type A children more frequently showed annoyed facial expressions, gross motor activity, interruptions during classroom free play, and gross motor activity and aggressive play with an inflatable Bobo doll during the laboratory free-play situation. Type A children more often won the car race and the tower-building contest, and they answered a greater number of questions and more frequently answered first during the interviews. These data are consistent with other findings on type A behavior in preschool children and suggest that the behavioral dimensions of type A (competitiveness and impatience-aggression) may emerge as early as the preschool years, particularly in competitive situations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1333-1348
Number of pages16
JournalChild Development
Volume57
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Preschool Children
preschool child
Motor Activity
dyad
Interviews
Facial Expression
Aggression
classroom
facial expression
interview
health
Parents
aggression
competitiveness
parents
Health
Group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Type A behavior in preschool children. / Vega-Lahr, N.; Field, Tiffany M.

In: Child Development, Vol. 57, No. 6, 01.12.1986, p. 1333-1348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vega-Lahr, N & Field, TM 1986, 'Type A behavior in preschool children.', Child Development, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1333-1348.
Vega-Lahr, N. ; Field, Tiffany M. / Type A behavior in preschool children. In: Child Development. 1986 ; Vol. 57, No. 6. pp. 1333-1348.
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