Objectives: The purpose of the study is to assess the outcomes and complications that occur in patients that have cochlear implants and tympanostomy tubes. Methods: retrospective chart review of pediatric patients that have cochlear implants and tympanostomy tubes placed either before or after cochlear implantation. Patients were identified by billing codes from 1999-2007. Results: The incidence of otitis media decreased after cochlear implantation. There were no cochlear implant related complications in this case series. The complications that occurred were tube related. There was no incidence of meningitis in this population. There were four hospitalizations, all related to an episode of acute otitis media that required intravenous antibiotics. Conclusions: Otitis media will continue to occur in this pediatric age group. As demonstrated in this study, tympanostomy tubes appear to be safe and do not increase the incidence of cochlear implant related.
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