Twelve thousand years of dust: The Holocene global dust cycle constrained by natural archives

S. Albani, N. M. Mahowald, G. Winckler, R. F. Anderson, L. I. Bradtmiller, B. Delmonte, R. François, M. Goman, N. G. Heavens, P. P. Hesse, S. A. Hovan, S. G. Kang, K. E. Kohfeld, H. Lu, V. Maggi, J. A. Mason, P. A. Mayewski, D. McGee, X. Miao, B. L. Otto-BliesnerA. T. Perry, Ali Pourmand, H. M. Roberts, N. Rosenbloom, T. Stevens, J. Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mineral dust plays an important role in the climate system by interacting with radiation, clouds, and biogeochemical cycles. In addition, natural archives show that the dust cycle experienced variability in the past in response to global and local climate change. The compilation of the DIRTMAP (Dust Indicators and Records from Terrestrial and MArine Palaeoenvironments) paleodust data sets in the last 2 decades provided a benchmark for paleoclimate models that include the dust cycle, following a time slice approach. We propose an innovative framework to organize a paleodust data set that builds on the positive experience of DIRTMAP and takes into account new scientific challenges by providing a concise and accessible data set of temporally resolved records of dust mass accumulation rates and particle grain size distributions. We consider data from ice cores, marine sediments, loess-paleosol sequences, lake sediments, and peat bogs for this compilation, with a temporal focus on the Holocene period. This global compilation allows the investigation of the potential, uncertainties, and confidence level of dust mass accumulation rate reconstructions and highlights the importance of dust particle size information for accurate and quantitative reconstructions of the dust cycle. After applying criteria that help to establish that the data considered represent changes in dust deposition, 45 paleodust records have been identified, with the highest density of dust deposition data occurring in the North Atlantic region. Although the temporal evolution of dust in the North Atlantic appears consistent across several cores and suggests that minimum dust fluxes are likely observed during the early to mid-Holocene period (6000-8000 years ago), the magnitude of dust fluxes in these observations is not fully consistent, suggesting that more work needs to be done to synthesize data sets for the Holocene. Based on the data compilation, we used the Community Earth System Model to estimate the mass balance of and variability in the global dust cycle during the Holocene, with dust loads ranging from 17.2 to 20.8 Tg between 2000 and 10 000 years ago and with a minimum in the early to mid-Holocene (6000-8000 years ago).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)869-903
Number of pages35
JournalClimate of the Past
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 2015

Fingerprint

Holocene
dust
paleoenvironment
accumulation rate
biogeochemical cycle
temporal evolution
ice core
paleosol
peatland
paleoclimate
marine sediment
loess
lacustrine deposit
mass balance
grain size
particle size
climate change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Palaeontology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Global and Planetary Change

Cite this

Albani, S., Mahowald, N. M., Winckler, G., Anderson, R. F., Bradtmiller, L. I., Delmonte, B., ... Sun, J. (2015). Twelve thousand years of dust: The Holocene global dust cycle constrained by natural archives. Climate of the Past, 11(6), 869-903. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-869-2015

Twelve thousand years of dust : The Holocene global dust cycle constrained by natural archives. / Albani, S.; Mahowald, N. M.; Winckler, G.; Anderson, R. F.; Bradtmiller, L. I.; Delmonte, B.; François, R.; Goman, M.; Heavens, N. G.; Hesse, P. P.; Hovan, S. A.; Kang, S. G.; Kohfeld, K. E.; Lu, H.; Maggi, V.; Mason, J. A.; Mayewski, P. A.; McGee, D.; Miao, X.; Otto-Bliesner, B. L.; Perry, A. T.; Pourmand, Ali; Roberts, H. M.; Rosenbloom, N.; Stevens, T.; Sun, J.

In: Climate of the Past, Vol. 11, No. 6, 11.06.2015, p. 869-903.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Albani, S, Mahowald, NM, Winckler, G, Anderson, RF, Bradtmiller, LI, Delmonte, B, François, R, Goman, M, Heavens, NG, Hesse, PP, Hovan, SA, Kang, SG, Kohfeld, KE, Lu, H, Maggi, V, Mason, JA, Mayewski, PA, McGee, D, Miao, X, Otto-Bliesner, BL, Perry, AT, Pourmand, A, Roberts, HM, Rosenbloom, N, Stevens, T & Sun, J 2015, 'Twelve thousand years of dust: The Holocene global dust cycle constrained by natural archives', Climate of the Past, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 869-903. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-869-2015
Albani S, Mahowald NM, Winckler G, Anderson RF, Bradtmiller LI, Delmonte B et al. Twelve thousand years of dust: The Holocene global dust cycle constrained by natural archives. Climate of the Past. 2015 Jun 11;11(6):869-903. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-869-2015
Albani, S. ; Mahowald, N. M. ; Winckler, G. ; Anderson, R. F. ; Bradtmiller, L. I. ; Delmonte, B. ; François, R. ; Goman, M. ; Heavens, N. G. ; Hesse, P. P. ; Hovan, S. A. ; Kang, S. G. ; Kohfeld, K. E. ; Lu, H. ; Maggi, V. ; Mason, J. A. ; Mayewski, P. A. ; McGee, D. ; Miao, X. ; Otto-Bliesner, B. L. ; Perry, A. T. ; Pourmand, Ali ; Roberts, H. M. ; Rosenbloom, N. ; Stevens, T. ; Sun, J. / Twelve thousand years of dust : The Holocene global dust cycle constrained by natural archives. In: Climate of the Past. 2015 ; Vol. 11, No. 6. pp. 869-903.
@article{a9b274f776714572b4c0d4bb1bd2116f,
title = "Twelve thousand years of dust: The Holocene global dust cycle constrained by natural archives",
abstract = "Mineral dust plays an important role in the climate system by interacting with radiation, clouds, and biogeochemical cycles. In addition, natural archives show that the dust cycle experienced variability in the past in response to global and local climate change. The compilation of the DIRTMAP (Dust Indicators and Records from Terrestrial and MArine Palaeoenvironments) paleodust data sets in the last 2 decades provided a benchmark for paleoclimate models that include the dust cycle, following a time slice approach. We propose an innovative framework to organize a paleodust data set that builds on the positive experience of DIRTMAP and takes into account new scientific challenges by providing a concise and accessible data set of temporally resolved records of dust mass accumulation rates and particle grain size distributions. We consider data from ice cores, marine sediments, loess-paleosol sequences, lake sediments, and peat bogs for this compilation, with a temporal focus on the Holocene period. This global compilation allows the investigation of the potential, uncertainties, and confidence level of dust mass accumulation rate reconstructions and highlights the importance of dust particle size information for accurate and quantitative reconstructions of the dust cycle. After applying criteria that help to establish that the data considered represent changes in dust deposition, 45 paleodust records have been identified, with the highest density of dust deposition data occurring in the North Atlantic region. Although the temporal evolution of dust in the North Atlantic appears consistent across several cores and suggests that minimum dust fluxes are likely observed during the early to mid-Holocene period (6000-8000 years ago), the magnitude of dust fluxes in these observations is not fully consistent, suggesting that more work needs to be done to synthesize data sets for the Holocene. Based on the data compilation, we used the Community Earth System Model to estimate the mass balance of and variability in the global dust cycle during the Holocene, with dust loads ranging from 17.2 to 20.8 Tg between 2000 and 10 000 years ago and with a minimum in the early to mid-Holocene (6000-8000 years ago).",
author = "S. Albani and Mahowald, {N. M.} and G. Winckler and Anderson, {R. F.} and Bradtmiller, {L. I.} and B. Delmonte and R. Fran{\cc}ois and M. Goman and Heavens, {N. G.} and Hesse, {P. P.} and Hovan, {S. A.} and Kang, {S. G.} and Kohfeld, {K. E.} and H. Lu and V. Maggi and Mason, {J. A.} and Mayewski, {P. A.} and D. McGee and X. Miao and Otto-Bliesner, {B. L.} and Perry, {A. T.} and Ali Pourmand and Roberts, {H. M.} and N. Rosenbloom and T. Stevens and J. Sun",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
day = "11",
doi = "10.5194/cp-11-869-2015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "869--903",
journal = "Climate of the Past",
issn = "1814-9324",
publisher = "European Geosciences Union",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Twelve thousand years of dust

T2 - The Holocene global dust cycle constrained by natural archives

AU - Albani, S.

AU - Mahowald, N. M.

AU - Winckler, G.

AU - Anderson, R. F.

AU - Bradtmiller, L. I.

AU - Delmonte, B.

AU - François, R.

AU - Goman, M.

AU - Heavens, N. G.

AU - Hesse, P. P.

AU - Hovan, S. A.

AU - Kang, S. G.

AU - Kohfeld, K. E.

AU - Lu, H.

AU - Maggi, V.

AU - Mason, J. A.

AU - Mayewski, P. A.

AU - McGee, D.

AU - Miao, X.

AU - Otto-Bliesner, B. L.

AU - Perry, A. T.

AU - Pourmand, Ali

AU - Roberts, H. M.

AU - Rosenbloom, N.

AU - Stevens, T.

AU - Sun, J.

PY - 2015/6/11

Y1 - 2015/6/11

N2 - Mineral dust plays an important role in the climate system by interacting with radiation, clouds, and biogeochemical cycles. In addition, natural archives show that the dust cycle experienced variability in the past in response to global and local climate change. The compilation of the DIRTMAP (Dust Indicators and Records from Terrestrial and MArine Palaeoenvironments) paleodust data sets in the last 2 decades provided a benchmark for paleoclimate models that include the dust cycle, following a time slice approach. We propose an innovative framework to organize a paleodust data set that builds on the positive experience of DIRTMAP and takes into account new scientific challenges by providing a concise and accessible data set of temporally resolved records of dust mass accumulation rates and particle grain size distributions. We consider data from ice cores, marine sediments, loess-paleosol sequences, lake sediments, and peat bogs for this compilation, with a temporal focus on the Holocene period. This global compilation allows the investigation of the potential, uncertainties, and confidence level of dust mass accumulation rate reconstructions and highlights the importance of dust particle size information for accurate and quantitative reconstructions of the dust cycle. After applying criteria that help to establish that the data considered represent changes in dust deposition, 45 paleodust records have been identified, with the highest density of dust deposition data occurring in the North Atlantic region. Although the temporal evolution of dust in the North Atlantic appears consistent across several cores and suggests that minimum dust fluxes are likely observed during the early to mid-Holocene period (6000-8000 years ago), the magnitude of dust fluxes in these observations is not fully consistent, suggesting that more work needs to be done to synthesize data sets for the Holocene. Based on the data compilation, we used the Community Earth System Model to estimate the mass balance of and variability in the global dust cycle during the Holocene, with dust loads ranging from 17.2 to 20.8 Tg between 2000 and 10 000 years ago and with a minimum in the early to mid-Holocene (6000-8000 years ago).

AB - Mineral dust plays an important role in the climate system by interacting with radiation, clouds, and biogeochemical cycles. In addition, natural archives show that the dust cycle experienced variability in the past in response to global and local climate change. The compilation of the DIRTMAP (Dust Indicators and Records from Terrestrial and MArine Palaeoenvironments) paleodust data sets in the last 2 decades provided a benchmark for paleoclimate models that include the dust cycle, following a time slice approach. We propose an innovative framework to organize a paleodust data set that builds on the positive experience of DIRTMAP and takes into account new scientific challenges by providing a concise and accessible data set of temporally resolved records of dust mass accumulation rates and particle grain size distributions. We consider data from ice cores, marine sediments, loess-paleosol sequences, lake sediments, and peat bogs for this compilation, with a temporal focus on the Holocene period. This global compilation allows the investigation of the potential, uncertainties, and confidence level of dust mass accumulation rate reconstructions and highlights the importance of dust particle size information for accurate and quantitative reconstructions of the dust cycle. After applying criteria that help to establish that the data considered represent changes in dust deposition, 45 paleodust records have been identified, with the highest density of dust deposition data occurring in the North Atlantic region. Although the temporal evolution of dust in the North Atlantic appears consistent across several cores and suggests that minimum dust fluxes are likely observed during the early to mid-Holocene period (6000-8000 years ago), the magnitude of dust fluxes in these observations is not fully consistent, suggesting that more work needs to be done to synthesize data sets for the Holocene. Based on the data compilation, we used the Community Earth System Model to estimate the mass balance of and variability in the global dust cycle during the Holocene, with dust loads ranging from 17.2 to 20.8 Tg between 2000 and 10 000 years ago and with a minimum in the early to mid-Holocene (6000-8000 years ago).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84935893874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84935893874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5194/cp-11-869-2015

DO - 10.5194/cp-11-869-2015

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84935893874

VL - 11

SP - 869

EP - 903

JO - Climate of the Past

JF - Climate of the Past

SN - 1814-9324

IS - 6

ER -