DNA-binding, green and yellow fluorescent probes with excellent brightness and high on/off ratios are reported. The probes are membrane permeable, live-cell compatible, and optimally matched to 405 nm and 514 nm laser lines, making them attractive alternatives to UV-excited and blue emissive Hoechst 33342 and DAPI nuclear stains. Their electronic structure was investigated by optical spectroscopy supported by TD-DFT calculations. DNA binding is accompanied by 27- to 75-fold emission enhancements, and linear dichroism demonstrates that one dye is a groove binder while the other intercalates into DNA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry