Turbulent flow regimes behind a coastal cape in a stratified and rotating environment

M. G. Magaldi, Tamay M Ozgokmen, A. Griffa, E. P. Chassignet, Mohamed Iskandarani, H. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A numerical study aimed at investigating the roles of both the stratification and topographic slope in generation of turbulent coherent structures in the lee of capes is presented. We consider a steady barotropic current impinging on an obstacle in a rotating and linearly stratified environment. The obstacle is a triangular prism and represents an idealized headland extending from the coast. Numerical experiments are conducted at constant Rossby number Ro = 0.06, varying the Burger number, Bu, and the obstacle slope, α. Flow regime diagrams in the Bu-α space are determined. For Bu < 0.1, vertical movement over the obstacle is enhanced and a fully attached regime with pronounced internal waves is established. For 0.1 ≤ Bu < 1, fluid parcels flow more around the obstacle than over it. Flow separation occurs and small tip eddies start to shed. For Bu ≥ 1, tip eddies merge to form larger eddies in the lee of the cape. We find that previous laboratory results cannot be used for gentler slopes, since bottom flow regimes are strongly dependent on α when Bu ≥ 1. The form drag coefficient exerted by the cape is at least two orders of magnitude larger than the one due to skin friction. It increases with increasing Burger numbers and decreasing slopes. When no separation occurs (low Bu), the increase with decreasing slopes is the result of the mixing associated with hydraulic phenomena. For intermediate and high Bu, form drag coefficients reach larger values as a result of the boundary layer mixing associated with flow separation. We put forth an empirical parametrization of form drag in the Bu-α space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-82
Number of pages18
JournalOcean Modelling
Volume25
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Flow separation
Drag coefficient
turbulent flow
Turbulent flow
Skin friction
Prisms
eddy
drag coefficient
Drag
Coastal zones
Flow of fluids
Boundary layers
Hydraulics
hydraulic phenomena
Rossby number
vertical movement
internal wave
Experiments
drag
fluid flow

Keywords

  • Cape
  • Eddy generation
  • Form drag
  • Headland
  • Mixing
  • Modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Oceanography
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Turbulent flow regimes behind a coastal cape in a stratified and rotating environment. / Magaldi, M. G.; Ozgokmen, Tamay M; Griffa, A.; Chassignet, E. P.; Iskandarani, Mohamed; Peters, H.

In: Ocean Modelling, Vol. 25, No. 1-2, 2008, p. 65-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Magaldi, M. G. ; Ozgokmen, Tamay M ; Griffa, A. ; Chassignet, E. P. ; Iskandarani, Mohamed ; Peters, H. / Turbulent flow regimes behind a coastal cape in a stratified and rotating environment. In: Ocean Modelling. 2008 ; Vol. 25, No. 1-2. pp. 65-82.
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