Tunable porous photonic bandgap structures for chemical and biological sensing

Sung Jin Kim, Vamsy P. Chodavarapu, Firdous Kamal, Vincent K S Hsiao, Alexander N. Cartwright, Mark T. Swihart, Paras N. Prasad, Timothy J. Burning

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The development of porous nanostructured materials, such as polymer Bragg gratings, offer an attractive and unique platform for chemical and biological recognition elements. Much of the efforts in polymeric gratings have been focused on holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal (H-PDLC) gratings with demonstrated applications in switching, lasing, and display devices. Here, we present the application of porous polymer photonic bandgap structures produced using a modified holographic method that includes a solvent as a phase separation fluid. The resulting gratings are simple to fabricate, stable, tunable, and highly versatile. Moreover, these acrylate porous polymer photonic bandgap structures were generated using a simple one-beam setup. In this paper, we describe the application of these nanoporous polymer gratings as a general template for biochemical recognition elements. As a prototype, we developed an oxygen (O 2) sensor by encapsulating the fluorophore (tris(4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenathroline)ruthenium(II) within these nanostructured materials. Thus, the obtained O 2 sensors performed through the full-scale range (0%-100%) with a response time of less than 1 second. Most importantly, the use of the inherent property of these gratings to transmit or reflect a particular wavelength spectrum, based on the grating spacing, enables us to selectively enhance the detection efficiency for the wavelengths of interest.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6322
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2006
Externally publishedYes
EventTuning the Optic Response of Photonic Bandgap Structures III - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 14 2006Aug 14 2006

Other

OtherTuning the Optic Response of Photonic Bandgap Structures III
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/14/068/14/06

Fingerprint

Photonics
Energy gap
gratings
photonics
Polymers
Nanostructured materials
Chemical elements
polymers
Wavelength
Bragg gratings
Fluorophores
Liquid crystal polymers
Sensors
Ruthenium
Phase separation
Porous materials
encapsulating
sensors
Display devices
porous materials

Keywords

  • Biochemical sensors
  • Biosensors
  • Fluorometry
  • HPDLC gratings
  • Nanostructured sensors
  • Optical sensors
  • Oxygen sensors
  • Porous structures
  • Reflection gratings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Kim, S. J., Chodavarapu, V. P., Kamal, F., Hsiao, V. K. S., Cartwright, A. N., Swihart, M. T., ... Burning, T. J. (2006). Tunable porous photonic bandgap structures for chemical and biological sensing. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 6322). [632201] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.681356

Tunable porous photonic bandgap structures for chemical and biological sensing. / Kim, Sung Jin; Chodavarapu, Vamsy P.; Kamal, Firdous; Hsiao, Vincent K S; Cartwright, Alexander N.; Swihart, Mark T.; Prasad, Paras N.; Burning, Timothy J.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 6322 2006. 632201.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kim, SJ, Chodavarapu, VP, Kamal, F, Hsiao, VKS, Cartwright, AN, Swihart, MT, Prasad, PN & Burning, TJ 2006, Tunable porous photonic bandgap structures for chemical and biological sensing. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 6322, 632201, Tuning the Optic Response of Photonic Bandgap Structures III, San Diego, CA, United States, 8/14/06. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.681356
Kim SJ, Chodavarapu VP, Kamal F, Hsiao VKS, Cartwright AN, Swihart MT et al. Tunable porous photonic bandgap structures for chemical and biological sensing. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 6322. 2006. 632201 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.681356
Kim, Sung Jin ; Chodavarapu, Vamsy P. ; Kamal, Firdous ; Hsiao, Vincent K S ; Cartwright, Alexander N. ; Swihart, Mark T. ; Prasad, Paras N. ; Burning, Timothy J. / Tunable porous photonic bandgap structures for chemical and biological sensing. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 6322 2006.
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