Tumour necrosis factor α (TNF)-TNF receptor 1-inducible cytoprotective proteins in the mouse liver: Relevance of suppressors of cytokine signalling

Gabriele Sass, Noula Shembade, Gisa Tiegs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations


TNF (tumour necrosis factor α) induces tolerance towards itself in experimental liver injury. Tolerance induction has been shown to be dependent on TNFR1 (TNF receptor 1) signalling, but mechanisms and mediators of TNF-induced hepatic tolerance are unknown. We investigated the TNF-inducible gene-expression profile in livers of TNFR2-/- mice, using cDNA array technology. We found that, out of 793 investigated genes involved in inflammation, cell cycle and signal transduction, 282 were expressed in the mouse liver in response to TNF via TNFR1. Among those, expression of 78 genes was induced, while expression of 60 genes was reduced. We investigated further the cellular expression of the 27 most prominently induced genes, and found that 20 of these genes were up-regulated directly in parenchymal liver cells, representing potentially protective proteins and possible mediators of TNF tolerance. In vitro experiments revealed that overexpression of SOCS1 (silencer of cytokine signalling 1), a member of the SOCS family of proteins, as well as of HO-1 (haem oxygenase-1), but not of SOCS2 or SOCS3, protected isolated primary mouse hepatocytes from TNF-induced apoptosis. The identification of protective genes in hepatocytes is the prerequisite for future development of gene therapies for immune-mediated liver diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-544
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2005
Externally publishedYes



  • Apoptosis
  • Cytokine
  • Haem oxygenase-1
  • Inflammation
  • Microarray
  • Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this