Trust and leader-member exchange: A closer look at relational vulnerability

Terri A. Scandura, Ekin K. Pellegrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


Trust in work relationships is an intriguing topic in leader-member exchange (LMX) research, however, previous LMX studies examined trust as unidimensional. Research on LMX has yet to explore the multidimensional nature of trust and how different dimensions may affect LMX quality. This study with 228 full-time employees explores the effect of different trust dimensions on LMX relationships. It is interesting that LMX quality was positively related to identification-based trust as well as calculus-based trust, which involves calculative exchanges. Results found support for a nonlinear association between calculus-based trust and LMX. Thus, contrary to expectations, trust appears to be vulnerable even in high-quality LMX relations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-110
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Leadership and Organizational Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2008


  • Leader-member exchange
  • LMX
  • Social exchange
  • Trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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