TrkA expression in the CNS: Evidence for the existence of several novel NGF-responsive CNS neurons

D. M. Holtzman, J. Kilbridge, Y. Li, E. T. Cunningham, N. J. Lenn, D. O. Clary, L. F. Reichardt, W. C. Mobley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

156 Scopus citations

Abstract

NGF acts as a neurotrophic factor by binding and activating its receptor on certain neuronal populations in the CNS and PNS. TrkA is a receptor for NGF. Recent findings in vitro indicate that this NGF-activated receptor tyrosine kinase transduces the NGF signal. To further define NGF actions in the CNS, we examined trkA expression in the adult rat brain. We found that trkA mRNA and immunoreactivity (IR) coincided in specific, defined neuronal populations in the forebrain and brainstem. In addition to cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain and neostriatum, trkA expression was found in noncholinergic neurons in (1) the paraventricular anterior and reuniens thalamic nuclei, (2) the rostral and intermediate subnuclei of the interpeduncular nucleus (IPN), (3) scattered neurons in the ventrolateral and paramedian medulla, (4) the prepositus hypoglossal nucleus, and (5) the area postrema. NGF responsiveness was demonstrated for each of these populations. In contrast to trkA, p75(NGFR) was found only in a minority of NGF-responsive populations. Our data provide further evidence that expression of trkA marks NGF-responsive CNS neurons and suggests novel roles for NGF in the brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1567-1576
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume15
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • area postrema
  • basal forebrain
  • interpeduncular
  • neurotrophin
  • NGF
  • paraventricular
  • prepositus hypoglossal
  • striatum
  • trk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Holtzman, D. M., Kilbridge, J., Li, Y., Cunningham, E. T., Lenn, N. J., Clary, D. O., Reichardt, L. F., & Mobley, W. C. (1995). TrkA expression in the CNS: Evidence for the existence of several novel NGF-responsive CNS neurons. Journal of Neuroscience, 15(2), 1567-1576.