Ionophore topology has a profound effect on the behavior of ion-selective electrodes. This is demonstrated with a new class of ionophores that incorporates aminochromenone moieties linked through urea spacers to different scaffolds that preorganize the ionophore binding cleft into tripodal topologies. Tris(2-aminoethylamine) and cis 1,3,5-tris(aminomethyl)cyclohexane were employed as the scaffolds. The two differ in their rigidity and in the size of ionophore cavity that they create. The electrodes based on the ionophore that incorporates the tris(2-aminoethylamine) scaffold show anti-Hofmeister behavior with an improved selectivity for sulfate. In contrast, the ionophore with the cis-1,3,5-tris(aminomethyl)cyclohexane scaffold exhibits a more Hofmeister-like response.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry