Trends of HIV risk behaviors in a cohort of injecting drug users and their sex partners in Miami, Florida, 1988-1998

Clyde B. McCoy, Lisa R. Metsch, Mary Comerford, Wei Zhao, Amanda J. Coltes, Sarah E. Messiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

A cohort of 111 injection drug users (IDUs) and their sex partners was assessed in 1988 concerning risk behaviors for HIV and knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Ten years later, in 1998, the cohort was reassessed using the same instrument. All who were HIV negative in 1988 were retested by blood draw for antibodies to HIV. A paired analysis was utilized to determine individual changes in risk behaviors for three serostatus groups-those who remained HIV negative (long-term HIV negatives), seroconverters, and those positive in 1988 (long-term HIV positives). Incidence was twice as high for sex partners (37.5%) as for IDUs (18.0%). Drug and needle use risk behaviors, except crack use, showed decreases; sexual risk behaviors were less amenable to change. Knowledge significantly increased among the long-term HIV negatives and seroconverters but not among those HIV positive in 1988. This analysis demonstrates the need for continued intervention among IDUs and their sex partners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-199
Number of pages13
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

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Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Injecting drug use
  • Risk behavior
  • Serostatus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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