Trends in smokeless tobacco use in the us workforce: 1987-2005

Noella A. Dietz, David J. Lee, Lora E. Fleming, William G. Leblanc, Kathryn E. McCollister, Kristopher L. Arheart, Evelyn P. Davila, Alberto J. Caban-Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The primary aim was to examine whether increasing workplace smoking restrictions have led to an increase in smokeless tobacco use among US workers. Smokeless tobacco exposure increases the risk of oral cavity, esophageal, and pancreatic cancers, and stroke. The prevalence of smokeless tobacco use decreased from 1987-2000, except among men 25-44. While smokeless tobacco use has declined in the general population, it may be that the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use has increased among workers due to workplace smoking restrictions, which have been shown to have increased over the years. Using the most current nationally representative National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data, we examined whether increasing workplace smoking restrictions have led to an increase in smokeless tobacco use among US workers (n = 125,838). There were no significant changes in smokeless tobacco use prevalence from 1987-2005 (pooled prevalence = 3.53%); rates also were lower in smoke free workplaces. Worker groups with high rates of smokeless tobacco use included farm workers (10.51%) and blue collar workers (7.26%). Results indicate that smokeless tobacco prevention strategies targeting particular worker groups are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6
JournalTobacco Induced Diseases
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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