Twenty patients with postsurgical, modified Stage II (T2 N1 M0, T1 N1 M0) non-small cell bronchogenic carcinoma were seen between 1974 and 1981 and were evaluated in a retrospective manner. Fifteen patients had T2 N1 M0 lesions, while 5 patients had T1 N1 M0 disease. Eight patients were treated with surgical resection alone, of whom seven had died, with a median survival of 12.0 months. Four patients received surgical resection and postoperative radiation therapy, of whom two had died, with a median survival not reached at 37 months. Eight patients were treated with surgical resection, radiation therapy, and adjuvant chemotherapy including cyclophosphamide (C), doxorubicin (A), methotrexate (M), and procarbazine (P). Six patients are alive and free of disease, with a median survival not yet reached at 72 months. There is a significant survival advantage for the 12 patients treated with combined modality therapy (surgical resection + radiation therapy; surgical resection + radiation therapy + chemotherapy) compared to the eight patients treated with SR alone (p < 0.01), and for the eight patients receiving chemotherapy versus the 12 patients who did not (p < 0.01). In spite of thorough clinical and surgical staging, patients with T1 and T2 primary tumors with N1 disease have a high relapse rate, predominantly in metastatic sites. Adjuvant radiation therapy and chemotherapy appear to benefit these patients with modified Stage II non-small cell bronchogenic carcinoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine