Treatment of large and giant intracranial aneurysms: Cost comparison of flow diversion and traditional embolization strategies

Nohra El-Chalouhi, Pascal M. Jabbour, Stavropoula I. Tjoumakaris, Robert M. Starke, Aaron S. Dumont, Haisong Liu, Robert Rosenwasser, Sedeek El Moursi, L. Fernando Gonzalez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Flow diversion has emerged as a promising strategy for management of intracranial aneurysms. The purpose of this study was to determine whether treatment of large and giant aneurysms with the pipeline embolization device (PED) is more economical than traditional embolization strategies

Methods We identified 30 consecutive aneurysms larger than 10 mm that were treated with PED at our institution. For each aneurysm treated with PED, theoretical coil embolization was performed by filling volume in a consistent, stepwise fashion until a packing density of 25% was reached. Prices of all equipment and implants were taken from price lists provided by each manufacturer.

Results Median aneurysm volume was 0.90 cm3. Overall procedure cost was lower with the PED (mean, $23,911) vs. coiling ($30,522, P =.06). Above the median aneurysm volume, PED treatment was significantly less expensive than coiling even if multiple PEDs were used (P =.006). However, below the median aneurysm volume, PED treatment was significantly more expensive than coiling (P =.009). Treatment with multiple PEDs was not cost-beneficial compared with coiling, even above the median aneurysm volume. Potential savings associated with the PED were highly dependent on the type of embolic agent used.

Conclusions The cost of initial treatment of large and giant aneurysms with PED is economically favorable compared to traditional embolization techniques. However, any potential cost benefit depends on aneurysm volume, coil type, and number of PEDs used. Accordingly, PED therapy is more expensive than coiling in aneurysms <0.9 cm3 or when multiple devices are used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)696-701
Number of pages6
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aneurysm Coil Cost Pipeline embolization device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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