Traumatic brain injury and blast exposures: Auditory and vestibular pathology

Michael E. Hoffer, Carey Balaban

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Brain injury has been associated with a variety of -neurologic sequelae including the auditory symptoms of hearing loss and tinnitus. Traditionally, we think of brain injury as being secondary to head impact and classify the resultant neurologic damage as mild, moderate, or severe [1]. This classification depends on a variety of factors including length of alteration of consciousness, force of the impact, associated injuries, and neuropathology (such as bleeding). This classification is important since it guides management of the injury and gives health care providers some information about the expected pathologies and best practices for management. There has been a great deal of work done over the years on blunt head injury; however, not all brain injury is secondary to blunt head impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTextbook of Tinnitus
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781607611448
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Hearing loss
  • Tinnitus
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Vestibular disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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