Transverse responce of underground cavities and pipes to incident SV waves

C. A. Davis, V. W. Lee, J. P. Bardet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

143 Scopus citations


The transverse response of underground cylindrical cavities to incident SV waves is investigated. Analytical solutions are derived for unlined cavities embedded within an elastic half-space using Fourier-Bessel series and a convex approximation of the half-space free surface. The computed displacements at the half-space free surface and the tangential stresses on the cavity are compared with the results of previous investigations. The analytical solutions are extended to formulate approximate solutions for assessing hoop stresses within cavity liners impinged by low-frequency waves having wavelengths much longer than the cavity diameter. The approximate solutions are compared to existing numerical solutions, and used to evaluate the dynamic response of a flexible buried pipe shaken by the 1994 Northridge earthquake. The proposed approximate model for cavity liners is useful for the seismic analysis of underground pipes and small-diameter tunnels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-410
Number of pages2
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Buried pipes
  • Earthquake analysis
  • Tunnels
  • Underground cavity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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