Transplantation and repair: Combined cell implantation and chondroitinase delivery prevents deterioration of bladder function in rats with complete spinal cord injury

K. Fouad, D. D. Pearse, W. Tetzlaff, R. Vavrek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study design: Additional examination. In this study, we report changes in bladder function after a combined treatment that was designed to study axonal regeneration after complete spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. Objectives: To report effects on bladder function following the administration of a combined treatment for complete SCI. Setting: University of Alberta, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, Edmonton, Canada Methods: Eight rats received Schwann cells in Matrigel-filled guidance channels, olfactory ensheathing glia and chondroitinase ABC at the lesion site following complete thoracic SCI. Controls (n=7) received Matrigel only. Daily bladder examinations were performed. Analysis of bladder size, wall thickness, actin and collagen type III was performed after 14 weeks. Results: Following SCI, both groups regained bladder voiding after 3 weeks. However, 2 weeks later, incontinence was observed in all untreated rats and two treated rats. Post-mortem examination of bladders revealed enlarged bladder sizes. Thicker bladder walls were found in untreated rats, which were composed of disorganized bundles of smooth muscle fibers surrounded by high amounts of collagen (type III). Conclusion: We show that the combined treatment prevents collagen deposition in bladder walls and maintains the rat's ability to void efficiently. Although the mechanism responsible for this improvement is unclear, our study shows that the present combinatory therapy can influence bladder function, thus expanding their utility as a broad reparative approach for SCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)727-732
Number of pages6
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009

Keywords

  • Bladder
  • Collagen
  • Combined treatment
  • Schwann cells
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Transplantation and repair: Combined cell implantation and chondroitinase delivery prevents deterioration of bladder function in rats with complete spinal cord injury'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this