Translation of the Diabetes Prevention Program to Ethnic Communities in the United States

Daniel L. Hall, Emily G. Lattie, Judith McCalla, Patrice Saab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), an evidenced-based lifestyle intervention for type 2 diabetes (T2D), has been translated for use with ethnic minority communities throughout the United States that are disproportionately at-risk for T2D. The present paper sought to critically review ethnic translation studies of the DPP with respect to translation methods utilized, the success of these methods, and alternative or supplemental methodologies for future translation efforts. Manuscripts reviewed were found by searching PubMed and PsycINFO, using the terms: “diabetes prevention program” AND [“translation” or “ethnic”]. Of 89 papers found, only 6 described ethnic translations of the DPP in the United States, and were included in this review. Translations of the DPP to African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Arab American, and American Indian and Native Alaskan communities were identified and reviewed. The most common translation strategies included group-based delivery and use of bilingual study personnel. Generally, these factors appeared to increase acceptability of the intervention within the ethnic communities reviewed, and should be considered in future efforts to implement and translate the DPP to ethnic communities in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 25 2015


  • Diabetes prevention
  • Lifestyle intervention
  • Minority health
  • Translational research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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