Translation of Lifestyle Modification Programs Focused on Physical Activity and Dietary Habits Delivered in Community Settings

Mark Stoutenberg, Katie Stanzilis, Ashley Falcon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Lifestyle modification programs (LMPs) can provide individuals with behavioral skills to sustain long-term changes to their physical activity (PA) levels and dietary habits. Yet, there is much work to be done in the translation of these programs to community settings. Purpose: This review identified LMPs that focused on changing both PA and dietary behaviors and examined common features and barriers faced in their translation to community settings. Methods: A search of multiple online databases was conducted to identify LMPs that included participants over the age of 18 who enrolled in LMPs, offered in community settings, and had the goal of improving both PA and dietary behaviors. Data were extracted on participant demographics, study design characteristics, and study outcome variables including changes in PA, dietary habits, body weight, and clinical outcomes. Results: We identified 27 studies that met inclusion criteria. Despite high levels of retention and adherence to the interventions, varying levels of success were observed in increasing PA levels, improving dietary habits, reducing body weight, and improving clinic outcomes. Conclusion: LMPs addressing issues of PA and dietary habits can be successfully implemented in a community setting. However, inconsistent reporting of key components in the translation of these studies (participant recruitment, utilization of behavioral strategies) may limit their replication and advancement of future programs. Future efforts should better address issues such as identifying barriers to participation and program implementation, utilization of community resources, and evaluating changes across multiple health behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-327
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Dietary habits
  • Implementation
  • Lifestyle modification
  • Physical activity
  • Translation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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