Transient effect of inhaled fluticasone on airway mucosal blood flow in subjects with and without asthma

Sunil D. Kumar, Jorce L. Brieva, Ignacio Danta, Adam Wanner

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Abstract

Topically applied glucocorticosteroids (GS) have been shown to cause local vasoconstriction in normal skin and this phenomenon is commonly used to assess the potency of topical GS (McKenzie skin blanching test). The purpose of the present study was to determine if an inhaled GS, fluticasone propionate (FP), similarly leads to vasoconstriction in the airway mucosa and if subjects with and without asthma have differential vascular responsiveness to GS. In 10 nonsmokers with stable asthma and 10 nonasthmatic nonsmokers, airway mucosal blood flow (Q̇aw) expressed per milliliter of anatomical dead space and the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) were determined before and serially after inhalation of FP (88 to 1,760 μg) or placebo. Baseline mean (± SE) Q̇aw was 55.1 ± 1.0 and 44.2 ± 1.1 μl · min-1 · ml-1 in subjects with and without asthma, respectively (p < 0.001). The corresponding mean FEV1 values were 2.34 ± 0.13 and 3.22 ± 0.12 L (p < 0.001). FP at 880 μg but not placebo produced a transient decrease in mean Q̇aw with a nadir at 30 min and return toward baseline at 90 min postinhalation; the maximum mean decrease was 37% in subjects with asthma and 21% in unaffected subjects (p < 0.01); 880 μg of FP was the lowest effective dose. FEV1 did not change after FP administration in either group. These results demonstrate a transient vasoconstrictive action of inhaled FP in the airway mucosa, with a greater vascular responsiveness in subjects with asthma than in unaffected subjects. The measurement of Q̇aw may provide a more relevant means of assessing the potency of inhaled GS than the McKenzie skin blanching test. In addition, our observation suggests that inhaled GS have potentially beneficial effects in asthma that is not related to their antiinflammatory action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)918-921
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume161
Issue number3 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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