Transforming growth factor β inhibits steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein expression in human ovarian thecal cells

George Attia, Christina A. Dooley, William E. Rainey, Bruce R. Carr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the effects of TGFβ1 on steroidogensis and expression of the steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein which regulates an important early step in the steroidogenic pathway. We utilized a human ovarian thecal like tumor (HOTT) cell model and investigated the effects of activin-A, inhibin-A, or TGFβ1 in the presence of forskolin and the effect of dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP) on steroid accumulation in the culture medium. Cells were also treated with different concentration of TGFβ1 in the presence of forskolin, combined steroid production was measured at the end of 48 h and after 3 h incubation with 22R-hydroxycholesterol. In the presence of TGFβ1 there was a dose-dependent inhibition of androstenedione production. Inhibition in combined steroid production was apparent at the highest concentration of TGFβ1 tested. In the presence of 22R-hydroxycholesterol, combined steroid production was significantly inhibited at lower concentrations. TGFβ1 inhibited StAR protein expression in a concentration dependent manner. There was also a similar inhibition in StAR mRNA. These results suggest that the effect of TGFβ1 on steroid production and possibly follicular development may be in part due to its effects on StAR expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume170
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 22 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Transforming Growth Factors
Steroids
Colforsin
Bucladesine
Androstenedione
Culture Media
Tumors
Cells
steroidogenic acute regulatory protein
Messenger RNA
Neoplasms
22-hydroxycholesterol

Keywords

  • StAR
  • TGFβ1
  • Thecal cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Transforming growth factor β inhibits steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein expression in human ovarian thecal cells. / Attia, George; Dooley, Christina A.; Rainey, William E.; Carr, Bruce R.

In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Vol. 170, No. 1-2, 22.12.2000, p. 123-129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Attia, George ; Dooley, Christina A. ; Rainey, William E. ; Carr, Bruce R. / Transforming growth factor β inhibits steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein expression in human ovarian thecal cells. In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. 2000 ; Vol. 170, No. 1-2. pp. 123-129.
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