Transdermal nitroglycerin patch therapy improves left ventricular function and prevents remodeling after acute myocardial infarction: Results of a multicenter prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

John J. Mahmarian, Lemuel A. Moyé, David A. Chinoy, Rafael F. Sequeira, Gabriel B. Habib, W. John Henry, Avanindra Jain, Bernard R. Chaitman, C. S.Wayne Weng, Hugo Morales-Ballejo, Craig M. Pratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Nitrates are widely used in the treatment of angina in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Short-term administration prevents left ventricular (LV) dilation and infarct expansion. However, little information is available regarding their long-term effects on LV remodeling in patients surviving Q-wave AMI. Methods and Results - This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial designed to investigate the long-term (6-month) efficacy of intermittent transdermal nitroglycerin (NTG) patches on LV remodeling in 291 survivors of AMI. Patients meeting entry criteria had baseline gated radionuclide angiography (RNA) followed by randomization to placebo or active NTG patches delivering 0.4-, 0.8-, or 1.6- mg/h. RNA was repeated at 6 months and 6.5 days after withdrawal of double- blind medication. The primary study end point was the change in end-systolic volume index (ESVI). Both ESVI and end-diastolic volume index (EDVI) were significantly reduced with 0.4-mg/h NTG patches (-11.4 and -11.6 mL/m2, respectively, P<.03). This beneficial effect was observed primarily in patients with a baseline LV ejection fraction ≤40% (AESVI, -31 mL/m2; AEDVI, -33 mL/m2; both P<.05) and only at the 0.4-mg/h dose. After NTG patch withdrawal, ESVI significantly increased but did not reach pretreatment values. Conclusions - Transdermal NTG patches prevent LV dilation in patients surviving AMI. The beneficial effects are limited to patients with depressed LV function and only at the lowest (0.4-mg/h) dose. Continued administration is necessary to maintain efficacy. Whether these remodeling effects confer a clinical or survival advantage will need to be addressed in an adequately powered cardiac event trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2017-2024
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation
Volume97
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 26 1998

Keywords

  • Myocardial infarction
  • Nitroglycerin
  • Remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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