Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been used for its analgesic effects for chronic pain, including facial pain. Here, we summarize how the electrical stimulation of branches of the trigeminal nerve via TENS has been utilized to reduce pain resulting from trigeminal neuralgia, temporomandibular joint disorder, migraine and other headache types, and ocular pain sensations. TENS has been used for both short-term (one session) and long-term (multiple sessions) pain control with little to no adverse effects reported by subjects. The results of the summarized studies suggest TENS is an effective non-invasive, non-pharmacologic means of pain control for patients with facial pain conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology