Transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (TMVr) with MitraClip has proved to be safe and effective for high-risk surgical patients with severe symptomatic degenerative mitral regurgitation. There is paucity of data regarding its use in functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of MitraClip in patients with symptomatic moderate or severe FMR and a high surgical risk. Medical libraries were systematically searched for studies assessing the use of MitraClip for patients with symptomatic moderate or severe FMR and a high surgical risk. Studies reporting safety and efficacy outcomes at 12 months were included in the analysis. A total of 12 studies including 1,695 patients (age 73 [interquartile range [IQR] 70.5 to 74], 69.8% men, left ventricular ejection fraction 32.5% [IQR 29.5 to 36], New York Heart Association class II to IV) who underwent TMVr with MitraClip were included in the analysis. Acute procedural success was 89% (IQR 85.5 to 92). Ischemic cardiomyopathy was the most common cause of left ventricular dysfunction. Over 2/3 of patients had known coronary artery disease, 35% a previous myocardial infarction, and 38.5% had a previous cardiac surgery. Survival to hospital discharge was 98% (IQR 97 to 100) and 30-day survival 97% (IQR 96 to 98). Overall survival at 12 months was 82% (IQR 77 to 87). Mitral valve re-intervention at 12 months was infrequent (3%; IQR 2 to 6.5). In conclusion, our pooled analysis suggests that TMVr with MitraClip is feasible, safe, and carries a low rate of mitral valve re-intervention at 12 months in patients with symptomatic moderate or severe FMR and a high surgical risk.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine