Trans-activation of long terminal repeat sequence-mediated gene expression is not a property of type D retrovirus replication.

B. J. Thielan, E. Hunter, Ronald Charles Desrosiers, L. Ratner

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several retroviruses encode trans-acting factors which activate gene expression directed by long terminal repeat (LTR) sequences and play a role in the positive feedback regulation of virus replication. We have examined two Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) strains for their ability to produce and respond to such factors. Plasmids with the LTR of either MPMV or type D retrovirus/New England (D/NE) were fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene. Introduction of these plasmids into several different human cell lines gave rise to significant CAT activity, demonstrating the strong transcriptional promoter activity of these LTRs. However, little or no increase in CAT activity was found upon transfection of these plasmids into MPMV- or D/NE-infected cell lines as compared with uninfected cell lines. Furthermore, CAT activity was not enhanced in uninfected cells by cotransfecting either a functional MPMV DNA clone, a plasmid expressing the human T-lymphotropic retrovirus trans-activator genes, tat-1 or tat-3. These data show that the property of trans-activation of LTR-mediated gene expression is a function in the replication of only certain retroviruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume68
StatePublished - Aug 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Mason-Pfizer monkey virus
Betaretrovirus
Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase
Terminal Repeat Sequences
Retroviridae
Plasmids
Gene Expression
New England
Trans-Activators
Cell Line
tat Genes
Virus Replication
Transfection
Clone Cells
DNA
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

Cite this

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title = "Trans-activation of long terminal repeat sequence-mediated gene expression is not a property of type D retrovirus replication.",
abstract = "Several retroviruses encode trans-acting factors which activate gene expression directed by long terminal repeat (LTR) sequences and play a role in the positive feedback regulation of virus replication. We have examined two Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) strains for their ability to produce and respond to such factors. Plasmids with the LTR of either MPMV or type D retrovirus/New England (D/NE) were fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene. Introduction of these plasmids into several different human cell lines gave rise to significant CAT activity, demonstrating the strong transcriptional promoter activity of these LTRs. However, little or no increase in CAT activity was found upon transfection of these plasmids into MPMV- or D/NE-infected cell lines as compared with uninfected cell lines. Furthermore, CAT activity was not enhanced in uninfected cells by cotransfecting either a functional MPMV DNA clone, a plasmid expressing the human T-lymphotropic retrovirus trans-activator genes, tat-1 or tat-3. These data show that the property of trans-activation of LTR-mediated gene expression is a function in the replication of only certain retroviruses.",
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AU - Thielan, B. J.

AU - Hunter, E.

AU - Desrosiers, Ronald Charles

AU - Ratner, L.

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N2 - Several retroviruses encode trans-acting factors which activate gene expression directed by long terminal repeat (LTR) sequences and play a role in the positive feedback regulation of virus replication. We have examined two Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) strains for their ability to produce and respond to such factors. Plasmids with the LTR of either MPMV or type D retrovirus/New England (D/NE) were fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene. Introduction of these plasmids into several different human cell lines gave rise to significant CAT activity, demonstrating the strong transcriptional promoter activity of these LTRs. However, little or no increase in CAT activity was found upon transfection of these plasmids into MPMV- or D/NE-infected cell lines as compared with uninfected cell lines. Furthermore, CAT activity was not enhanced in uninfected cells by cotransfecting either a functional MPMV DNA clone, a plasmid expressing the human T-lymphotropic retrovirus trans-activator genes, tat-1 or tat-3. These data show that the property of trans-activation of LTR-mediated gene expression is a function in the replication of only certain retroviruses.

AB - Several retroviruses encode trans-acting factors which activate gene expression directed by long terminal repeat (LTR) sequences and play a role in the positive feedback regulation of virus replication. We have examined two Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) strains for their ability to produce and respond to such factors. Plasmids with the LTR of either MPMV or type D retrovirus/New England (D/NE) were fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene. Introduction of these plasmids into several different human cell lines gave rise to significant CAT activity, demonstrating the strong transcriptional promoter activity of these LTRs. However, little or no increase in CAT activity was found upon transfection of these plasmids into MPMV- or D/NE-infected cell lines as compared with uninfected cell lines. Furthermore, CAT activity was not enhanced in uninfected cells by cotransfecting either a functional MPMV DNA clone, a plasmid expressing the human T-lymphotropic retrovirus trans-activator genes, tat-1 or tat-3. These data show that the property of trans-activation of LTR-mediated gene expression is a function in the replication of only certain retroviruses.

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