Trajectory of weight changes in the first 6 weeks postpartum

Lorraine O. Walker, Bobbie Sue Sterling, Minseong Kim, Kristopher Arheart, Gayle M. Timmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the trajectory of postpartum weight changes and to examine associations between weight change in the first 6 weeks postpartum and demographic, clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral variables. Design: Prospective, longitudinal design. Setting: Community hospital and university research setting. Participants: 26 low-income women (9 White, 8 Black, and 9 Hispanic) with uncomplicated term pregnancies. Main Outcome Measure: Body mass index measured weekly. Results: Among White women, body mass index decreased significantly for the first 3 weeks of the postpartum period. Black women experienced a ignificant reduction in body mass index for only the first 2 postpartum weeks. Similarly, the postpartum body mass index decreased for the first 2 weeks for Hispanic women. Prepregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain each had a significant positive effect on postpartum body mass index. Perception of social support at 4 weeks had a significant positive effect on postpartum body mass index in Black women. Conclusions: The trajectory of weight change was nonlinear with large initial weight losses during the first 2 to 3 weeks postpartum followed by weight plateaus for the remainder of the first 6 weeks postpartum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-481
Number of pages10
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Postpartum Period
Weights and Measures
Body Mass Index
Hispanic Americans
Community Hospital
Social Support
Weight Gain
Weight Loss
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Pregnancy
Research

Keywords

  • Black
  • Hispanic
  • Postpartum
  • Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Trajectory of weight changes in the first 6 weeks postpartum. / Walker, Lorraine O.; Sterling, Bobbie Sue; Kim, Minseong; Arheart, Kristopher; Timmerman, Gayle M.

In: JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, Vol. 35, No. 4, 13.12.2006, p. 472-481.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walker, Lorraine O. ; Sterling, Bobbie Sue ; Kim, Minseong ; Arheart, Kristopher ; Timmerman, Gayle M. / Trajectory of weight changes in the first 6 weeks postpartum. In: JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. 2006 ; Vol. 35, No. 4. pp. 472-481.
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