Tracking the Development of Cerebrovascular Risk Factors Following Pregnancy With Preeclampsia

Madeline Lederer, Adriana Wong, Daniela Diego, Desiree Nguyen, Usha Verma, Seemant Chaturvedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the development and management of cerebrovascular risk factors following a pregnancy with preeclampsia. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review including women diagnosed with preeclampsia between 2012 and 2013 with later encounters within 2014-2016. For each subject that met inclusion criteria, the development of cerebrovascular risk factors was determined using ICD codes within the 2014-2016 electronic medical record (EMR). For subjects who developed risk factors, current treatment was determined from the EMR. Demographic data was also documented. Differences in the development and treatment of risk factors were compared among racial groups and age. Descriptive statistics were calculated using SAS statistical software. Results: Compared to prepregnancy health status, the incidence of hypertension increased by 1.7 times (P < .05), hyperlipidemia increased by 4.5 (P < .05), migraines increased by 2.2 (P < .05), and diabetes mellitus increased by 2 (P < .05) after a pregnancy with preeclampsia. Black non-Hispanics had highest rates of hypertension, obesity, and migraines (20.5%, 9.1%, and 6.8%, respectively.) Of hypertensives, 73.6% (42/57) were prescribed medication. Of diabetics, 88.9% (16/18) were prescribed medication. No patients with hyperlipidemia were prescribed a statin. Black non-Hispanics had higher rates of risk factor management (74.3% of hypertensives and 100% of diabetics treated) than white Hispanics (55% and 77.8%, respectively). Conclusions: This study shows a significant increased risk of the development of cerebrovascular risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, migraines, and diabetes following a diagnosis of preeclampsia. Opportunities exist for the early treatment of these risk factors, which could reduce the long-term rate of stroke in these women

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104720
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Pregnancy
  • hypertension
  • ischemic stroke
  • preeclampsia
  • prevention
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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