Tracheotomy in Patients With Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: Is It Necessary?

Giovana R. Thomas, Ernest M. Myers, Anthony Nunez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who develop respiratory failure and require mechanical ventilation have mortality rates of 85%. Tracheotomies are performed in this patient population for prolonged intubation. However, to date, objective data on tracheotomy in patients with AIDS are lacking. Tracheotomy in ventilator-dependent patients with AIDS presents risks to patients and exposes surgeons, nurses, and operating room personnel to human immunodeficiency virus-infected blood. Design: Given these considerations, we retrospectively reviewed our experience with tracheotomy in 10 intubated and ventilator-dependent patients with AIDS. Conclusions: Our study shows a mortality rate of 100%. We identify predictive factors and a prognosis that may aid in the treatment of these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1126-1129
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery
Volume120
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1994

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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