Twenty-eight patients with metastatic and/or recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer were treated with a new sequential combination of escalating doses of cisplatin (50, 75, and 100 mg/m2 IV x 1) followed by 5-FU infusion (40 mg/m2/hour x 72) and etoposide (80 mg/m2/day x 3). Three patients received concurrent external radiation therapy. Eleven of the 28 (39%) had a partial response to chemotherapy. Four others had a minor response. One partial responder became a complete responder by surgical excision of residual cancer. Median time to response was 6 weeks followed by a median response duration of 4 months. In responders, chemotherapy was discontinued at the time of maximal response. Median survival was 7 months. Chemotherapy was well tolerated with absence of leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, and nausea and vomiting in a majority of courses. The common toxicities were alopecia (100%), leucopenia (35%), nausea and vomiting (30%), and electrolyte imbalances (27%). Reversible nephrotoxicity, thrombocytopenia, anemia, mucositis, and diarrhea were infrequent. The response rate in stage IV was less than in stage III. The combination of moderate doses of cisplatin, 5-FU infusion, and etoposide provides a new palliative chemotherapy that is well tolerated with concurrent/sequential radiation therapy and may be useful in the multimodality treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research