Toward linking weather and climate in the interactive ensemble NCAR climate model

Benjamin Kirtman, David M. Straus, Dughong Min, Edwin K. Schneider, Leo Siqueira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diagnosing how much low frequency climate variability is due to intrinsic coupled (i.e., interactions among the components of the climate system) modes and how much is stochastically forced by internal dynamics (e.g., weather noise forcing ocean variability or ocean dynamics associated with western boundary current forcing atmospheric variability) remains a challenge in climate research. Here we present a methodology for separating the intrinsic coupled modes from the stochastically forced variability that can be applied at the air-sea, air-land, air-ice or ice-ocean interface. In the results presented here, we focus on the air-sea interface and apply the approach to the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model. We find that coupled oceanatmosphere feedbacks contribute to a significant fraction of the sea surface temperature variability worldwide with increasing importance in the tropics. One of the by-products of the experiments presented here is an improved diagnostic tool for understanding atmospheric teleconnections. In this regard, we find that the mid-latitude atmospheric response to tropical forcing is not simply a function of the magnitude of the forcing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL13705
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume36
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 16 2009

Fingerprint

climate models
weather
climate
climate modeling
air
ocean
ice
oceans
western boundary current
ocean dynamics
atmospheric forcing
teleconnection
sea surface temperature
tropical regions
coupled modes
methodology
low frequencies
experiment
sea
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Toward linking weather and climate in the interactive ensemble NCAR climate model. / Kirtman, Benjamin; Straus, David M.; Min, Dughong; Schneider, Edwin K.; Siqueira, Leo.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, No. 13, L13705, 16.07.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kirtman, Benjamin ; Straus, David M. ; Min, Dughong ; Schneider, Edwin K. ; Siqueira, Leo. / Toward linking weather and climate in the interactive ensemble NCAR climate model. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2009 ; Vol. 36, No. 13.
@article{04753c29f8c1427ebbacd57b1852f742,
title = "Toward linking weather and climate in the interactive ensemble NCAR climate model",
abstract = "Diagnosing how much low frequency climate variability is due to intrinsic coupled (i.e., interactions among the components of the climate system) modes and how much is stochastically forced by internal dynamics (e.g., weather noise forcing ocean variability or ocean dynamics associated with western boundary current forcing atmospheric variability) remains a challenge in climate research. Here we present a methodology for separating the intrinsic coupled modes from the stochastically forced variability that can be applied at the air-sea, air-land, air-ice or ice-ocean interface. In the results presented here, we focus on the air-sea interface and apply the approach to the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model. We find that coupled oceanatmosphere feedbacks contribute to a significant fraction of the sea surface temperature variability worldwide with increasing importance in the tropics. One of the by-products of the experiments presented here is an improved diagnostic tool for understanding atmospheric teleconnections. In this regard, we find that the mid-latitude atmospheric response to tropical forcing is not simply a function of the magnitude of the forcing.",
author = "Benjamin Kirtman and Straus, {David M.} and Dughong Min and Schneider, {Edwin K.} and Leo Siqueira",
year = "2009",
month = "7",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1029/2009GL038389",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
journal = "Geophysical Research Letters",
issn = "0094-8276",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Toward linking weather and climate in the interactive ensemble NCAR climate model

AU - Kirtman, Benjamin

AU - Straus, David M.

AU - Min, Dughong

AU - Schneider, Edwin K.

AU - Siqueira, Leo

PY - 2009/7/16

Y1 - 2009/7/16

N2 - Diagnosing how much low frequency climate variability is due to intrinsic coupled (i.e., interactions among the components of the climate system) modes and how much is stochastically forced by internal dynamics (e.g., weather noise forcing ocean variability or ocean dynamics associated with western boundary current forcing atmospheric variability) remains a challenge in climate research. Here we present a methodology for separating the intrinsic coupled modes from the stochastically forced variability that can be applied at the air-sea, air-land, air-ice or ice-ocean interface. In the results presented here, we focus on the air-sea interface and apply the approach to the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model. We find that coupled oceanatmosphere feedbacks contribute to a significant fraction of the sea surface temperature variability worldwide with increasing importance in the tropics. One of the by-products of the experiments presented here is an improved diagnostic tool for understanding atmospheric teleconnections. In this regard, we find that the mid-latitude atmospheric response to tropical forcing is not simply a function of the magnitude of the forcing.

AB - Diagnosing how much low frequency climate variability is due to intrinsic coupled (i.e., interactions among the components of the climate system) modes and how much is stochastically forced by internal dynamics (e.g., weather noise forcing ocean variability or ocean dynamics associated with western boundary current forcing atmospheric variability) remains a challenge in climate research. Here we present a methodology for separating the intrinsic coupled modes from the stochastically forced variability that can be applied at the air-sea, air-land, air-ice or ice-ocean interface. In the results presented here, we focus on the air-sea interface and apply the approach to the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model. We find that coupled oceanatmosphere feedbacks contribute to a significant fraction of the sea surface temperature variability worldwide with increasing importance in the tropics. One of the by-products of the experiments presented here is an improved diagnostic tool for understanding atmospheric teleconnections. In this regard, we find that the mid-latitude atmospheric response to tropical forcing is not simply a function of the magnitude of the forcing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70349263440&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70349263440&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1029/2009GL038389

DO - 10.1029/2009GL038389

M3 - Article

VL - 36

JO - Geophysical Research Letters

JF - Geophysical Research Letters

SN - 0094-8276

IS - 13

M1 - L13705

ER -