Toward a successful vocational rehabilitation in adults with disabilities: Does residential arrangement matter?

F. L.Fredrik G. Langi, Ashmeet Oberoi, Fabricio E. Balcazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to assess whether successful vocational rehabilitation (that is, obtaining employment) among people with disabilities was affected by residential arrangement. Five groups of residential placement were considered: individuals living in a private residence, community or group residential, correctional and rehabilitation facilities, nursing home/mental health facilities, and homeless/shelter/other type of residential arrangement. The study involved a total of 46,570 vocational rehabilitation consumers aged 18 to 65 at referral in a Midwestern state. Statistical modeling was performed using quasibinomial logistic regression. It was found that compared to individuals living in private residences, those in correctional or rehabilitation facilities were at increased odds of successful rehabilitation, whereas those living in homeless/shelter/other residential arrangement and those living in nursing homes/mental health facilities were in significantly decreased odds of being rehabilitated. Individuals living in community or group residential, however, had no statistical difference in vocational rehabilitation outcomes compared to individuals living in private residences. The implications for rehabilitation research and practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-137
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 3 2017


  • Adults with disabilities
  • quasibinomial logistic regression
  • residential arrangement
  • vocational rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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