Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions

Robin J. Moszkowski, Dale M. Stack, Nadine Girouard, Tiffany M Field, Maria Hernandez-Reif, Miguel A Diego

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated the touching behaviors of 4-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers during the still-face (SF; maternal emotional unavailability) and separation (SP; maternal physical unavailability) procedures. Forty-one dyads participated in the present study; dyads were from low SES backgrounds and they exhibited poor relationship qualities (e.g. poor maternal sensitivity, low infant responsiveness); thus, they were considered at-risk. Results indicated that infants exhibited more patting and pulling when mothers were unavailable during the SF and SP procedures. Moreover, depression affected infants' tactile behaviors: infants of depressed mothers used more reactive types of touch (i.e. active touching behaviors, such as grab, pat, pull) than infants of non-depressed mothers during emotional and physical unavailability, suggesting greater activity levels in infants of depressed mothers. Negative relationship indicators, such as maternal intrusiveness and hostility, predicted soothing/regulatory (i.e. nurturing) and reactive/regulatory types of touch, even after controlling for maternal depression. Taken together, these results underscore the importance of touch for infant communication and regulation during early social interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-194
Number of pages12
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

Fingerprint

Infant Behavior
Mothers
Touch
Depression
Hostility
Interpersonal Relations
Communication

Keywords

  • Infant touch
  • Maternal depression
  • Maternal emotional availability
  • Mother-infant interactions
  • Still-face and separation procedures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions. / Moszkowski, Robin J.; Stack, Dale M.; Girouard, Nadine; Field, Tiffany M; Hernandez-Reif, Maria; Diego, Miguel A.

In: Infant Behavior and Development, Vol. 32, No. 2, 01.04.2009, p. 183-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moszkowski, Robin J. ; Stack, Dale M. ; Girouard, Nadine ; Field, Tiffany M ; Hernandez-Reif, Maria ; Diego, Miguel A. / Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions. In: Infant Behavior and Development. 2009 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 183-194.
@article{ef88ad84b2c44b2aa5d127471293d27f,
title = "Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions",
abstract = "The present study investigated the touching behaviors of 4-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers during the still-face (SF; maternal emotional unavailability) and separation (SP; maternal physical unavailability) procedures. Forty-one dyads participated in the present study; dyads were from low SES backgrounds and they exhibited poor relationship qualities (e.g. poor maternal sensitivity, low infant responsiveness); thus, they were considered at-risk. Results indicated that infants exhibited more patting and pulling when mothers were unavailable during the SF and SP procedures. Moreover, depression affected infants' tactile behaviors: infants of depressed mothers used more reactive types of touch (i.e. active touching behaviors, such as grab, pat, pull) than infants of non-depressed mothers during emotional and physical unavailability, suggesting greater activity levels in infants of depressed mothers. Negative relationship indicators, such as maternal intrusiveness and hostility, predicted soothing/regulatory (i.e. nurturing) and reactive/regulatory types of touch, even after controlling for maternal depression. Taken together, these results underscore the importance of touch for infant communication and regulation during early social interactions.",
keywords = "Infant touch, Maternal depression, Maternal emotional availability, Mother-infant interactions, Still-face and separation procedures",
author = "Moszkowski, {Robin J.} and Stack, {Dale M.} and Nadine Girouard and Field, {Tiffany M} and Maria Hernandez-Reif and Diego, {Miguel A}",
year = "2009",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.12.009",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "183--194",
journal = "Infant Behavior and Development",
issn = "0163-6383",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions

AU - Moszkowski, Robin J.

AU - Stack, Dale M.

AU - Girouard, Nadine

AU - Field, Tiffany M

AU - Hernandez-Reif, Maria

AU - Diego, Miguel A

PY - 2009/4/1

Y1 - 2009/4/1

N2 - The present study investigated the touching behaviors of 4-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers during the still-face (SF; maternal emotional unavailability) and separation (SP; maternal physical unavailability) procedures. Forty-one dyads participated in the present study; dyads were from low SES backgrounds and they exhibited poor relationship qualities (e.g. poor maternal sensitivity, low infant responsiveness); thus, they were considered at-risk. Results indicated that infants exhibited more patting and pulling when mothers were unavailable during the SF and SP procedures. Moreover, depression affected infants' tactile behaviors: infants of depressed mothers used more reactive types of touch (i.e. active touching behaviors, such as grab, pat, pull) than infants of non-depressed mothers during emotional and physical unavailability, suggesting greater activity levels in infants of depressed mothers. Negative relationship indicators, such as maternal intrusiveness and hostility, predicted soothing/regulatory (i.e. nurturing) and reactive/regulatory types of touch, even after controlling for maternal depression. Taken together, these results underscore the importance of touch for infant communication and regulation during early social interactions.

AB - The present study investigated the touching behaviors of 4-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers during the still-face (SF; maternal emotional unavailability) and separation (SP; maternal physical unavailability) procedures. Forty-one dyads participated in the present study; dyads were from low SES backgrounds and they exhibited poor relationship qualities (e.g. poor maternal sensitivity, low infant responsiveness); thus, they were considered at-risk. Results indicated that infants exhibited more patting and pulling when mothers were unavailable during the SF and SP procedures. Moreover, depression affected infants' tactile behaviors: infants of depressed mothers used more reactive types of touch (i.e. active touching behaviors, such as grab, pat, pull) than infants of non-depressed mothers during emotional and physical unavailability, suggesting greater activity levels in infants of depressed mothers. Negative relationship indicators, such as maternal intrusiveness and hostility, predicted soothing/regulatory (i.e. nurturing) and reactive/regulatory types of touch, even after controlling for maternal depression. Taken together, these results underscore the importance of touch for infant communication and regulation during early social interactions.

KW - Infant touch

KW - Maternal depression

KW - Maternal emotional availability

KW - Mother-infant interactions

KW - Still-face and separation procedures

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=62149093967&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=62149093967&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.12.009

DO - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.12.009

M3 - Article

C2 - 19232741

AN - SCOPUS:62149093967

VL - 32

SP - 183

EP - 194

JO - Infant Behavior and Development

JF - Infant Behavior and Development

SN - 0163-6383

IS - 2

ER -