Topical review: Negative behavioral and cognitive outcomes following traumatic brain injury in early childhood

Dainelys Garcia, Gabriela M. Hungerford, Daniel M. Bagner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To summarize recent research on negative behavioral and cognitive outcomes following early childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Topical review of the literature published since the year 2000 examining behavioral and cognitive difficulties following TBI in early childhood. Results: Research findings from the reviewed studies demonstrate a variety of negative behavioral and cognitive outcomes following TBI in childhood, particularly for children <5 years of age. Negative outcomes include problems with externalizing behaviors, attention, language, and cognitive functioning (e.g., IQ, executive functioning). Furthermore, negative outcomes have been shown to persist up to 16 years following the injury. Conclusions: The empirical studies reviewed demonstrate the increased risk for negative behavioral and cognitive outcomes following early childhood TBI. Furthermore, the review highlights current strengths and limitations of TBI research with young children and the need for multidisciplinary work examining outcomes for this vulnerable pediatric population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-397
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2015

Keywords

  • Child behavioral outcomes
  • Child cognitive outcomes
  • Early childhood
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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