Background - Bolus thrombolytic therapy is a simplified means of administering thrombolysis that facilitates rapid time to treatment. TNK- tissue plasminogen activator (TNK-tPA) is a highly fibrin-specific single- bolus thrombolytic agent. Methods and Results - In TIMI 10B, 886 patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction presenting within 12 hours were randomized to receive either a single bolus of 30 or 50 mg TNK-tPA or front- loaded tPA and underwent immediate coronary angiography. The 50-mg dose was discontinued early because of increased intracranial hemorrhage and was replaced by a 40-mg dose, and heparin doses were decreased. TNK-tPA 40 mg and tPA produced similar rates of TIMI grade 3 flow at 90 minutes (62.8% versus 62.7%, respectively, P=NS); the rate for the 30-mg dose was significantly lower (54.3%, P=0.035) and was 65.8% for the 50-mg dose (P=NS). A prespecified analysis of weight-based TNK-tPA dosing using median TIMI frame count demonstrated a dose response (P=0.001). Similar dose responses were observed for serious bleeding and intracranial hemorrhage, but significantly lower rates were observed for both TNK-tPA and tPA after the heparin doses were lowered and titration of the heparin was started at 6 hours. Conclusions - TNK-tPA, given as a single 40-mg bolus, achieved rates of TIMI grade 3 flow similar to those of the 90-minute bolus and infusion of tPA. Weight-adjusting TNK-tPA appears to be important in achieving optimal reperfusion; reduced heparin dosing appears to improve safety for both agents. Together with the safety results from the parallel Assessment of the Safety of a New Thrombolytic: TNK-tPA (ASSENT I) trial, an appropriate dose of this single- bolus thrombolytic agent has been identified for phase III testing.
- Myocardial infarction
- Plasminogen activators
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine