Tissue responses to thyroid hormone in a kindred with resistance to thyroid hormone harboring a commonly occurring mutation in the thyroid hormone receptor β gene (P453T)

Sharon Y. Wu, Peter M. Sadow, Samuel Refetoff, Roy E Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is a dominantly inherited syndrome of reduced tissue responsiveness to thyroid hormone (TH) usually due to mutations in the TH receptor β gene (TRβ). We studied pituitary and peripheral tissue responses to graded doses of liothyronine (L-T3) in 5 affected members (2 children and 3 adults) of a family with RTH due to the common TRβ mutation P453T. Overall, the 5 subjects studied exhibited suppressed thyrotropin response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone of 51% ± 8%, 12.1% ± 1.5%, and 6.3% ± 3% of the 100% baseline on 50, 100, and 200 μg/dL L-T3, respectively. This degree of suppression was greater than that observed in subjects with RTH due to other TRβ mutations, indicating less resistance. Compared with normal subjects, however, the family described here demonstrated less suppression by L-T3, compatible with their RTH, although of a mild magnitude. The 2 children with RTH demonstrated less L-T3-mediated suppression of prolactin and cholesterol than the adults. Patients often receive thyroid ablative therapy before the diagnosis of RTH and are left with variable degrees of hypothyroidism. Our results demonstrate that graded doses of L-T3 can be used to evaluate RTH patients, even under the condition of limited thyroid reserve, when results are compared with their baseline. We demonstrate that RTH patients can be evaluated either on or off thyroid hormone and still be distinguished from hypothyroid subjects without RTH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume146
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Thyroid Hormone Resistance Syndrome
Thyroid Hormone Receptors
Thyroid Hormones
Genes
Tissue
Mutation
Thyroid Gland
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone
Triiodothyronine
Thyrotropin
Hypothyroidism
Prolactin
Cholesterol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Tissue responses to thyroid hormone in a kindred with resistance to thyroid hormone harboring a commonly occurring mutation in the thyroid hormone receptor β gene (P453T)",
abstract = "Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is a dominantly inherited syndrome of reduced tissue responsiveness to thyroid hormone (TH) usually due to mutations in the TH receptor β gene (TRβ). We studied pituitary and peripheral tissue responses to graded doses of liothyronine (L-T3) in 5 affected members (2 children and 3 adults) of a family with RTH due to the common TRβ mutation P453T. Overall, the 5 subjects studied exhibited suppressed thyrotropin response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone of 51{\%} ± 8{\%}, 12.1{\%} ± 1.5{\%}, and 6.3{\%} ± 3{\%} of the 100{\%} baseline on 50, 100, and 200 μg/dL L-T3, respectively. This degree of suppression was greater than that observed in subjects with RTH due to other TRβ mutations, indicating less resistance. Compared with normal subjects, however, the family described here demonstrated less suppression by L-T3, compatible with their RTH, although of a mild magnitude. The 2 children with RTH demonstrated less L-T3-mediated suppression of prolactin and cholesterol than the adults. Patients often receive thyroid ablative therapy before the diagnosis of RTH and are left with variable degrees of hypothyroidism. Our results demonstrate that graded doses of L-T3 can be used to evaluate RTH patients, even under the condition of limited thyroid reserve, when results are compared with their baseline. We demonstrate that RTH patients can be evaluated either on or off thyroid hormone and still be distinguished from hypothyroid subjects without RTH.",
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AU - Sadow, Peter M.

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AU - Weiss, Roy E

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AB - Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is a dominantly inherited syndrome of reduced tissue responsiveness to thyroid hormone (TH) usually due to mutations in the TH receptor β gene (TRβ). We studied pituitary and peripheral tissue responses to graded doses of liothyronine (L-T3) in 5 affected members (2 children and 3 adults) of a family with RTH due to the common TRβ mutation P453T. Overall, the 5 subjects studied exhibited suppressed thyrotropin response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone of 51% ± 8%, 12.1% ± 1.5%, and 6.3% ± 3% of the 100% baseline on 50, 100, and 200 μg/dL L-T3, respectively. This degree of suppression was greater than that observed in subjects with RTH due to other TRβ mutations, indicating less resistance. Compared with normal subjects, however, the family described here demonstrated less suppression by L-T3, compatible with their RTH, although of a mild magnitude. The 2 children with RTH demonstrated less L-T3-mediated suppression of prolactin and cholesterol than the adults. Patients often receive thyroid ablative therapy before the diagnosis of RTH and are left with variable degrees of hypothyroidism. Our results demonstrate that graded doses of L-T3 can be used to evaluate RTH patients, even under the condition of limited thyroid reserve, when results are compared with their baseline. We demonstrate that RTH patients can be evaluated either on or off thyroid hormone and still be distinguished from hypothyroid subjects without RTH.

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