Tissue engineering is a rather new field of science. Despite this fact, some experimental investigations have already been applied in clinical studies. Compared to other medical fields, tissue engineering in urology is well established. Tissue-engineered bulking agents and tissue-engineered bladder augments are being investigated in clinical trials. Even though the knowledge gained in recent years is promising, the results of cellular therapies need to be critically judged before being finally applied in patients. Genetic engineering and stem cell research (adult undifferentiated cells) have had major impact on the field of tissue engineering over the past 2 years. By using the technology of genetic engineering, biochemical and functional qualities of tissues may be modified. Adult stem cells may help to substitute lost tissue in an autologous fashion by isolating undifferentiated cells from the body and by differentiating them into a desired cell type. These cells may be used to form native functional tissue to replace a diseased organ or organ part.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Der Urologe. Ausg. A|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2003|
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