Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine: Concepts for clinical application

Anthony Atala

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients suffering from diseased and injured organs may be treated with transplanted organs. However, there is a severe shortage of donor organs that is worsening yearly given the aging population. Scientists in the field of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering apply the principles of cell transplantation, material science, and bioengineering to construct biological substitutes that will restore and maintain normal function in diseased and injured tissues. Therapeutic cloning, where the nucleus from a donor cell is transferred into an enucleated oocyte in order to extract pluripotent embryonic stem cells, offers a potentially limitless source of cells for tissue engineering applications. The stem cell field is also advancing rapidly, opening new options for therapy. This paper reviews recent advances that have occurred in regenerative medicine and describes applications of these new technologies that may offer novel therapies for patients with end-stage organ failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-31
Number of pages17
JournalRejuvenation Research
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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