Ascites 13762 rat mammary adenocarcinoma cells contain an abundant heterodimeric cell surface glycoprotein complex. It is composed of a transmembrane subunit and a sialomucin subunit and is the product of a single gene. The transmembrane subunit has two EGF-like domains and activates the proto-oncogene receptor kinase p185neu. Southern blot comparisons of the ascites tumor and rat liver demonstrated the presence of the gene encoding the complex in normal tissues and showed an amplification of about fivefold in the ascites tumor. Polymerase chain reaction assays showed the presence of mRNA for the complex in rat brain and lung, but not in liver, pancreas, placenta, intestine, kidney, ovary and uterus. Northern blot analyses showed that the 9 kb transcript for the complex is expressed at an approximately 500-fold higher level in the ascites cells than in rat brain. Immunocytochemical studies using antiserum directed against the transmembrane subunit showed its presence in bronchial epithelium, brain ependymal and neurons of four day old animals and in the endoderm and neuronal cells of embryos. Similar immunocytochemical studies showed the presence of the transmembrane subunit in some human breast tumors. These results suggest that the gene encoding this complex is regulated in a tissue-specific manner, is overexpressed in some tumors and may play a role in tumor progesssion.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research