The myotonic dystrophy (DM) gene is localized to the proximal long arm of chromosome 19. There have been reports of tight linkage to a number of chromosome 19 markers, including APOC2 and creatine kinase muscle type (CKMM), but they did not establish orientation of the 2 markers to DM. We screened several large multi-generational DM families for linkage to a series of chromosome 19 markers including CKMM. CKMM is tightly linked to DM in these data with z(θ̂) = 28.41; θ̂ = 0.01. Analysis of cross-over data indicates CKMM is on the same side and closer to DM than APOC2. Thus, CKMM is a useful probe for carrier detection studies in presymptomatic individuals as well as for prenatal diagnosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology